Mount Fuji is considered the “symbol of Japan,” standing as the tallest mountain in the country at 12,380 feet. Mount Fuji is also an active volcano, sitting on a “triple junction” of tectonic activity: the Amurian plate, the Okhotsk, and the Filipino plate all converge in the region beneath Mount Fuji. The mountain is only 62 miles from the capital city of Tokyo, which is Japan’s largest city. The last time Mount Fuji erupted, in 1707, volcanic ash fell on Tokyo.
Mount Fuji is the single most popular tourist site in Japan, for both Japanese and foreign tourists. More than 200,000 people climb to the summit every year, mostly during the warmer summer months. Many people start their climb of Mount Fuji at night, so they can better experience sunrise from the summit. Japan is nicknamed “the Land of the Rising Sun,” after all. The sunrise view that climbers witness from Mount Fuji has the special name Goraiko.